Topic Discussion: Sprains and Strains
General: When employees adapt awkward postures to perform their work, the result can be a high number of sprains and strains. Today, we’re going to focus on some simple strategies to prevent these types of injuries .
A major cause of on-the-job injuries in the trucking industry is slips and falls from a tractor or trailer. These injuries can result in twisted ankles, bruised shins, or worse. You can prevent this from happening altogether by following the proper technique for entering and exiting a truck and/or trailer. Let’s review some helpful hints to preclude being injured by a slip, trip or fall.
The answer is False
The answer is True
Summary: Be Proactive to Prevent Pain.
Take some time to think about how you move to perform different job tasks. If something
doesn’t feel right, that is a good indication that you need to shift your position.
As posted in OverdriveOnline. Click HERE for the full article
In almost every year since Overdrive began tracking national and state violation priorities in late 2010, the percentage of hours of service violations has risen. Given the preponderance of individual maintenance issues in the violation stats, the cumulative hours focus doesn’t look like much – just more than a percentage point rise in three years to today, when 1 in 10 of all written violations have to do with the log book.
But in particular regions of the country, enforcement departments are flexing their muscle with hours violations in a much bigger way. In no place was that more evident in 2014 than in Arkansas, where hours violations accounted for nearly a third of its total 68,300 written violations, up from just 15 percent of all violations issued in 2011. In real terms, that’s 7,331 more hours violations issued to truckers in 2014 than in 2011 within Arkansas’ borders, a 41 percent increase.
Over that same time, inspection totals as well as overall violation totals have fallen in the state, a reality Maj. Jay Thompson of the Arkansas Highway Police says is partly a result of manpower stress. The department’s “budgeted for more than 200” dedicated truck safety enforcement personnel, Thompson says, but currently only 114 full-time road and weigh station troopers are certified to conduct Commercial Vehicle Safety Alliance Level 1 inspections. With hiring initiatives under way, Thompson says, expect full staffing within a few years.
In spite of manpower issues, Thompson says, the state is boosting the number of inspections it’s performing, particularly in the last nine months. With in-vehicle laptops and other screening tools at its 11 weigh stations (eight of them open around the clock), and with carrier data, the department’s better able to target the trucks it believes are apt to be in violation.
“The transport industry is one of most heavily regulated in the world,” he says. “The regulations change and, let’s face it, you’ve got to have continual training – if you don’t, your comfort zone shrinks. If you’re not comfortable with the hours regulations, you’re less apt to enforce them.”
The hours regulations themselves have changed, of course, in both 2013 and at the end of last year, with the Congressionally mandated suspension of the once-per-week use of the restart and the requirement to include two 1-5 a.m. periods in the 34-hour period. Arkansas made it a priority to be certain its 70 mobile patrol officers and 44 weigh station personnel, the latter of whom conducted the majority (69 percent) of inspections in 2014, clearly understood the changes.
When it comes to hours, the Arkansas Highway Police clearly has found its comfort zone.
Within 60 days, three drivers transporting for BP Lubricants were
involved in lane change accidents. In each of these accidents the
drivers stated that they did not see the vehicle next to them. After
having the opportunity to review pictures and video of these accidents,
it is amazing that there were no serious injuries sustained by anyone
involved in these accidents.
The following information will describe and summarize the cause
of each accident and will offer techniques and tips to avoid being
involved in a lane change accident.
A truck driver moved across the driving lane into the
passing lane of an interstate highway without using his turn signal.
The driver of the passenger car in that lane swerved away but then
lost control and collided with the truck. A second passenger car also
collided with the truck and ended up on its side in the median with
the truck leaning on top of it. An investigation determined that the
truck driver did not intend to change lanes but drifted into the other
lane and caused the chain reaction accident.
A truck driver was going down a mountain grade on an
interstate highway in a construction zone. The third lane was closed
and trucks were required to use the middle lane. The driver states that
another truck passed him on the right side, pulled in front of him and
suddenly slowed. In an effort to avoid hitting the truck in front of him
he pulled into the right lane but did not see that there was already
a passenger car in that lane which resulted in a crash. The carrier
determined the truck driver was at fault because he was inattentive
to his surroundings and did not keep proper space management
around his vehicle.
A truck driver pulled into the passing lane in order to
go around a slower moving vehicle while traveling on an interstate
highway. The truck hit a car that was passing the truck at the time
it was changing lanes. A review of the dash camera video shows
the driver checking his mirrors and putting on his turn signal before
attempting to make the lane change, but he never saw the car. The
video also confirms that the driver was talking on his cell phone at
the time. It was determined that the cause of the accident was due
to inadequate surveillance or inattention blindness which can best
be described as “looking but not seeing”, due to being distracted by
the conversation on his cell phone.
We were extremely fortunate that no one was injured in these
accidents but all had the potential to be much worse. If these drivers
didn’t see a car along-side of them, what if it was a motorcycle? The
results may have been tragic.
Although the dash-cam video from these accidents cannot be shared,
the link below from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
(FMCSA) website shows a very similar type near-miss accident.
Near Miss Accident
The following are tips provided by the FMCSA to avoid inadequate
surveillance accidents. Inadequate surveillance occurs when the driver
is in a situation where he/she is required to look to safely complete a
maneuver and either fails to look in the appropriate place or “looks,
but does not see.” The Large Truck Crash Causation Study (LTCCS)
reported that 14 percent of large-truck crashes occurred due to
commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers’ inadequate surveillance.
you may not be aware of the size of your truck's blind spots. As a CMV
driver, you are aware that some of your blind spots are large enough
that a passenger vehicle can virtually disappear from your view.
Remember that other drivers unfamiliar with commercial driving
probably don’t realize this. 1/3rd. of all crashes between large trucks
and cars takes place in the “No-Zone”.
due to the actions of others. To drive defensively you should: keep
your distance, maintain a safe speed and stay alert. Recognizing
potentially dangerous situations well in advance can allow you to
safely maneuver past these situations. 75 percent of lane
change/merge crashes involve a recognition failure by the
the interstate and 1 1/2 blocks in the city). Looking far ahead will allow
you to respond early and smoothly to changing conditions ahead and
to avoid dangerous, abrupt braking.
you change lanes, turn, or merge. Check your mirrors quickly and
return your attention to the road ahead. Frequent scanning will allow
you to be aware of changing traffic conditions around your truck. If
you check your mirrors regularly, they can help you spot overtaking
vehicles. Mirrors will also help you monitor your surrounding
environment and may help you identify if a vehicle has moved into
your blind spot.
Other tips to avoid these types of accidents include
Mirror adjustment – Mirror adjustment should be checked prior to the
start of any trip and can only be checked accurately when the trailer(s)
are straight. You should check and adjust each mirror to show some part
of the vehicle. This will give you a reference point for judging the
position of the other images.
Signal Your Intention – Other drivers cannot know what you are
going to do until you tell them.
Signaling what you intend to do is important for safety.
Signal early and well before you turn, it is the best way to keep others
from trying to pass you.
Signal continuously, you need both hands on the wheel to turn safely.
Do not cancel the signal until you have completed the turn.
Cancel your signal manually because self-canceling signals may not
work all the time. Don’t forget to turn off your turn signal after you
have completed your turn.
Technology – There is technology available through some OEM’s and
through aftermarket vendors that provide lane departure warning
systems in trucks (LDWS). There are many different types of LDWS
available but the general intent is to provide a driver some type of
warning during an unintentional lane change situation. Expect to see
more options for trucks as these technologies develop.
Remember, a truly professional driver is a safe driver, and there is
no technology available that can replace an alert and attentive
For commercial drivers, the front seat is the office from which you provide a vital service – making sure parts and products get from point A to wherever they need to be.
And while the road offers great freedom, it also comes with the pressure of needing to deliver – day in and day out.
The following information from the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration dispels a number of myths regarding commercial driving.
Myth: Good truck drivers don’t need to wear seatbelts.
Reality: Your chances of being killed are almost 25 times higher if you are thrown from your vehicle during a crash. Safety belts can keep you from being tossed out a window, from being dragged on the road or from being crushed by your own vehicle or another.
Pay attention to driving conditions
Myth: Commercial vehicle drivers have experience driving in bad weather and can handle anything, so they can drive faster safely.
Reality: Adverse weather conditions contribute to 25 percent of speeding-related large-truck fatalities. Drivers should reduce their speed by one-third on wet roads and by half or more on snow-packed streets.
Put the brakes on speeding
Myth: Trucks should follow speed limits posted on curve warning signs and entrance/exit ramps.
Reality: Curve and entrance/exit ramp speed limits are intended for small vehicles, not large trucks. Studies show large trucks often lose control or roll over when entering a curve at a posted speed limit due to their high center of gravity.
Check and recheck blind spots
Myth: Other drivers know not to ride in the blind spots or “no zones” of commercial motor vehicles.
Reality: Never rely on other drivers to stay out of your blind spots; they may not be aware of the size of your vehicle’s “no zone.” Check your mirrors every 5-8 seconds as well as before you change lanes, turn or merge. This will help you keep track of changing traffic patterns around your truck.
Look down the road
Myth: Good truckers can slow down safely without much notice.
Reality: To safely slow down, a commercial motor vehicle driver should look at least 15 seconds ahead (a quarter-mile on the interstate and one-and-a-half blocks in the city). Paying attention to the road ahead helps avoid dangerous, abrupt braking situations.
Don’t drive drowsy
Myth: Drivers are used to getting little sleep and can safely stay awake by using distractions.
Reality: Research shows that being awake for 18 hours is comparable to having a blood alcohol concentration of .08 percent. It’s vital to your safety and the motorists around you to pay attention to signs of drowsiness: frequent yawning, heavy eyes and blurred vision.
General: A major cause of on-the-job injuries in the trucking industry is slips and falls from a tractor or trailer. These injuries can result in twisted ankles, bruised shins, or worse. You can prevent this from happening altogether by following the proper technique for entering and exiting a truck and/or trailer. Let’s review some helpful hints to preclude being injured by a slip, trip or fall.
Causes of slips, trips, and falls:
Let’s take a couple of moments to review slips, trips, and fall in more detail:
Now for some tips on how to avoid slips, trips, and falls:
Summary: The worst thing that a driver can do is to get into a bad habit especially when it involves something you do many times a day. Sooner or later, the law of gravity will catch up to you…and it hurts! It is important to always follow the proper techniques to help prevent slips, trips, and falls from happening. The three-point method of having a least three limbs in contact with the tractor at all times will prevent the majority of slips and falls from a tractor.
CalArk Driven Safety